Studio, Shop, Cabinet, Gallery: Spaces for Experiencing Art in Europe, 1600-1800
The Life Class of the Vienna Academy
Martin Ferdinand Quadal
Committee for Art Acquisitions Fund
Elizabeth Kathleen Mitchell, Ph.D., Burton and Deedee McMurtry Curator and Director of the Curatorial Fellowship Program, Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University:
This composition emphasizes the importance of working from a live model, while also idealizing the professional image of the artist. The setting is a studio at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, which had been founded in 1692. Academicians draw or paint from a nude model, while they are dressed stylishly but impractically in wigs and formal clothing. The social hierarchy of the group is evident in that the revered draftsman and engraver, Jakob Matthias Schmutzer, occupies a place of prestige in the center foreground. He is seated below the model’s right foot and faces the viewer. Schmutzer points with his left hand toward painter Martin Ferdinand Quadal, who originated this image.
Betsy G. Fryberger and Andrei Pop, "The Artist Observed: Exhibition and Response," Cantor Arts Center Journal, IV, 2004-2005, pp. 56-63, repr. p. 58
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Use for pictorial representations, which may be in various media, that represent scenes or events from everyday life; usually used with another term such as "paintings" or "prints." [April 1991 descriptor moved.]
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